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Global Tax Maps Archive

Digital Services Taxes in Europe, 2022

TweetShareSharePin0 Shares Over the last few years, concerns have been raised that the existing international tax system does not properly capture the digitalization of the economy. Under current international tax rules, multinationals generally pay corporate income tax where production occurs rather than where consumers or, specifically for the digital sector, users are located. However, some

Gas Taxes in Europe | 2022 Fuel Tax Rates

TweetShareSharePin0 Shares The European Union requires EU countries to levy a minimum excise duty of €0.36 per liter (US $1.55 per gallon) on gasoline (petrol). Today’s map shows that only Bulgaria, Hungary, and Poland stick to the minimum fuel tax rate, while all other EU countries opt to levy higher excise duties on gas. The

Europe Tax Burden on Labor Explored

TweetShareSharePin0 Shares Governments with higher taxes generally tout that they provide more services as an explanation, and while that is often true, the cost of these services can be more than half of an average worker’s salary, and for most, at least a third of their salary. Individual income taxes, payroll taxes, and consumption taxes

Cigarette Taxes in the EU

TweetShareSharePin0 Shares To ensure the functioning of its internal market, the European Union (EU) sets a minimum excise duty on cigarettes. It consists of a specific component and an ad valorem component, resulting in a minimum overall excise duty of €1.80 (US $2.13) per 20-cigarette pack and 60 percent of an EU country’s weighted average retail

Estate, Inheritance, and Gift Taxes in Europe

TweetShareSharePin0 Shares Inheritance tax dates to the Roman Empire, which collected 5 percent of inherited property to pay soldiers’ pensions. Today, the practice of inheritance tax is widespread. The majority of European countries covered in today’s map currently levy estate, inheritance, or gift taxes. These countries are Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland,

Wealth Taxes in Europe, 2022

TweetShareSharePin0 Shares Net wealth taxes are recurrent taxes on an individual’s wealth, net of debt. The concept of a net wealth tax is similar to a real property tax. But instead of only taxing real estate, it covers all wealth an individual owns. As today’s map shows, only three European OECD countries levy a net wealth

Integrated Tax Rates on Corporate Income in Europe

TweetShareSharePin0 Shares In most European OECD countries, corporate income is taxed twice, once at the entity level and once at the shareholder level. Before shareholders pay taxes, the business first faces the corporate income tax. A business pays corporate income tax on its profits; thus, when the shareholder pays their layer of tax they are

R&D Tax Incentives: European OECD Countries

TweetShareSharePin0 Shares Many countries incentivize business investment in research and development (R&D), intending to foster innovation. A common approach is to provide direct government funding for R&D activity. However, a significant number of jurisdictions also offers R&D tax incentives. These generally take two forms, namely patent boxes—taxing income derived from intellectual property at a rate

2022 Capital Gains Tax Rates in Europe

TweetShareSharePin0 Shares In many countries, investment income, such as dividends and capital gains, is taxed at a different rate than wage income. Today’s map focuses on how capital gains are taxed, showing how capital gains tax rates differ across European OECD countries. When a person realizes a capital gain—that is, sells an asset for a

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