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Global Tax Maps Archive

Comparing Income Tax Systems in Europe, 2022

TweetShareSharePin0 Shares Our recently published 2022 International Tax Competitiveness Index (ITCI) measures and compares how well OECD countries promote sustainable economic growth and investment through competitive and neutral tax systems. This week, we examine how European OECD countries rank on individual taxes, continuing our series on the ITCI’s component rankings. The ITCI’s individual tax component scores OECD countries on their top

Comparing Corporate Tax Systems in Europe, 2022

TweetShareSharePin0 Shares On October 17, we released the International Tax Competitiveness Index 2022, a study that measures and compares the competitiveness and neutrality of all 38 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries’ tax systems. In the coming weeks, we will illustrate how European OECD countries rank in each of the five components of

2022 International Tax Competitiveness Index

TweetShareSharePin0 Shares Note: Each year we review and improve the methodology of the Index. For that reason, prior editions are not comparable to the results in this 2022 edition. All data and methodological notes are accessible in our GitHub repository. Below is a preview of the 2022 Index. To access the full report, click the download button

Windfall Tax Policies in Europe | Windfall Profits Taxes

TweetShareSharePin0 Shares As energy prices continue to rise, more European countries have been looking at windfall profit taxes—a one-time tax levied on a company or industry when economic conditions result in large, unexpected profits—to fund relief measures for consumers. As early as March 8, the European Commission recommended in its REPowerEU communication that member states

Net Operating Loss Tax Provisions (Deductions) in Europe, 2022

TweetShareSharePin0 Shares Loss carryover tax provisions allow businesses to either deduct current year losses against future profits (carryforwards) or current year losses against past profits (carrybacks). Many companies have investment projects with different risk profiles and operate in industries that fluctuate greatly with the business cycle. Carryover tax provisions help businesses “smooth” their risk and

Income Tax Inflation Adjustments in Europe

TweetShareSharePin0 Shares Most countries’ personal income taxes have a progressive structure where tax rates increase as individuals earn higher wages. However, if wages are pushed up by inflation, people may pay higher taxes even if their real earnings have not increased. This is known as bracket creep. In the first quarter of 2022, labor costs

Patent Box Regimes in Europe, 2022

TweetShareSharePin0 Shares Patent box regimes (also referred to as intellectual property, or IP, regimes) provide lower effective tax rates on income derived from IP. Most commonly, eligible types of IP are patents and software copyrights. Depending on the patent box regime, income derived from IP can include royalties, licensing fees, gains on the sale of

Digital Services Taxes in Europe, 2022

TweetShareSharePin0 Shares Over the last few years, concerns have been raised that the existing international tax system does not properly capture the digitalization of the economy. Under current international tax rules, multinationals generally pay corporate income tax where production occurs rather than where consumers or, specifically for the digital sector, users are located. However, some

Gas Taxes in Europe | 2022 Fuel Tax Rates

TweetShareSharePin0 Shares The European Union requires EU countries to levy a minimum excise duty of €0.36 per liter (US $1.55 per gallon) on gasoline (petrol). Today’s map shows that only Bulgaria, Hungary, and Poland stick to the minimum fuel tax rate, while all other EU countries opt to levy higher excise duties on gas. The

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