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Inflation Reduction Act EU Tax & Trade Cooperation: EV Tax Credit

TweetShareSharePin0 Shares Over the last six months, European perceptions of the Inflation Reduction Act have been a rollercoaster. European policymakers were hopeful that the Inflation Reduction Act would implement Janet Yellen’s Pillar Two commitment at the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). But hope turned to disappointment when the final text was fundamentally different from

Carbon Tax Revenue Recycling: Carbon Tax Border Adjustment

TweetShareSharePin0 Shares Key Findings Carbon leakage occurs when a climate policy in one jurisdiction leads to emissions-producing activity simply shifting to a different jurisdiction. Leakage raises both environmental concerns—as it undermines emissions reduction efforts—and economic concerns. In the aggregate, leakage is relatively small, but it could have an outsized impact on specific emissions-intensive, trade-exposed (EITE)

2023 State Business Tax Climate Index

TweetShareSharePin0 Shares Launch Our Interactive Tool Executive Summary The Tax Foundation’s State Business Tax Climate Index enables business leaders, government policymakers, and taxpayers to gauge how their states’ tax systems compare. While there are many ways to show how much is collected in taxes by state governments, the Index is designed to show how well

California Tax Increases: Details & Analysis

TweetShareSharePin0 Shares California is awash in plans to raise taxes. An under-the-radar piece of legislation will functionally increase the top marginal income tax rate by 1.1 percent in 2024 (with administrative authority to bring it to 1.5 percent), while a pending ballot measure would add a new 1.75 percent surcharge on the income of the

“Tax Fairness” & EU Energy Security

TweetShareSharePin0 Shares On 30 September, the Council of the European Union agreed to impose an EU-wide windfall profits tax on fossil fuel companies to fund relief for households and businesses facing high energy prices (due primarily to Putin’s war on Ukraine). Given the dire economic environment for families and the urgency to transition away from

Alaska Income Tax: Economic Implications

TweetShareSharePin0 Shares Key Findings Alaska’s heavy reliance on oil and gas taxes and investment income creates extreme revenue volatility and complicates revenue forecasts. Alternative revenue streams cannot easily displace existing sources. For example, to raise as much of its revenue from an income tax as the average state does, Alaska would need to have income

Windfall Tax Policies in Europe | Windfall Profits Taxes

TweetShareSharePin0 Shares As energy prices continue to rise, more European countries have been looking at windfall profit taxes—a one-time tax levied on a company or industry when economic conditions result in large, unexpected profits—to fund relief measures for consumers. As early as March 8, the European Commission recommended in its REPowerEU communication that member states

Inflation Reduction Act Energy Tax Increases

TweetShareSharePin0 Shares As noted in a Tax Foundation blog post last week, the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) primarily uses carrots, not sticks, to incentivize reductions in carbon emissions. The Inflation Reduction Act creates or expands tax credits for various low- or no-emission technologies, rather than imposing a generalized penalty for emissions, such as a carbon tax.

Inflation Reduction Act Green Energy Tax Credits

TweetShareSharePin0 Shares The Inflation Reduction Act created numerous tax subsidy programs intended to accelerate the transition to a greener economy. The justification for climate change action is strong, but there are two possible approaches to take which we might colloquially call carrots and sticks. Carrots are subsidies designed to reduce emissions—think tax credits for green energy

State and Local Tax Revenue by State

TweetShareSharePin0 Shares Key Findings Property taxes are the primary source of tax collections at the local level, responsible for 72.2 percent of local tax revenue in fiscal year 2020 (the most recent year for which data are available). Once a significant driver of state budgets as well, their share of state collections has dropped to

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